How Your Diet Affects Prostate Cancer

Fall 2005 CSANews Issue 56  |  Posted date : May 23, 2007.Back to list

The bad news is that prostate cancer is the most common cancer among Canadian men, affecting one in seven men during their lifetime. The good news, however, is that the progression of damage caused by early-stage prostate cancer can be stopped, and even reversed. And the antidote?

A change in diet! The Journal of Urology recently published an article that outlines the influence of an ultra low-fat diet in the battle towards prostate cancer. Following a one-year study, participants who altered their diet experienced a 4% decrease in PSA (prostate specific antigens) levels, as well as reduced prostate cancer cell growth. The participants who did not alter their diet experienced a 6% INCREASE in PSA levels. So, of what does this ultra low-fat diet consist? The following list outlines certain types of foods that you may want to add to your diet:

  • Broccoli, cabbage, cauliflower, brussel sprouts, kale: these veggies contain phytochemicals that rid the body of carcinogens, thus reducing cancer cell growth.
  • Tomatoes: tomatoes contain lycopene, a substance known to reduce PSA levels, inhibit cell damage, and slow progression of cancer cell growth. Cooked tomatoes, such as tomato juice and tomato sauce, contain more lycopene than raw tomatoes.
  • Red wine, onions, green tea, pomegranate juice: these very different types of food and beverages have one thing in common – polyphenols. This substance has been credited for hindering the development of prostate cancer.
  • Soy milk, soybeans, tofu: soy foods contain isoflavones, which may reduce the risk of prostate cancer.
  • Fish (omega-3 fatty acids): fish such as salmon, sardines, and herring are rich in omega-3 fatty acids, and should be consumed 3 times per week, if possible. Omega-3 fatty acids help to hinder prostate cancer growth.
  • Vitamin E and selenium: these two compounds help to control cell damage. Vitamin E can be found in nuts, seeds, and leafy green veggies, while selenium can be found in chicken, seafood, nuts, onions, whole grains, and garlic.