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54
Fast
facts
Answers to Outside the Box
Puzzles from page 52
1. Two-tone
2. On the spot
3. Four-of-a-kind
4. Half brother
5. Pea-soup
6. Eyesore
Dead & Wounded
y
y
More than 35 million civilian and soldier
casualties: 15 million dead;
20 million wounded.
y
y
The Spanish flu caused about 1/3 of
total military deaths.
y
y
Thousands disfigured and disabled;
millions suffered shell shock, or PTSD.
y
y
1,200,000 soldiers on both sides gassed,
of whom 91,198 died.
y
y
Greatest single loss of life in the history
of the British army: the Battle of Somme
– 60,000 casualties in one day.
by Mike Keenan
Weapons & Tactics
y
y
Germans first used flamethrowers, which
fired jets of flame as far as 130 feet (40 m).
y
y
British “male” tanks had cannons;
“females” had heavy machine guns.
y
y
Dogs carried orders to the front lines in
capsules attached to their bodies; 500,000
pigeons carried messages between
headquarters and the front lines.
y
y
“Big Bertha”was a 48-ton howitzer used
by the Germans, named after the wife of
its designer Gustav Krupp; it fired a
2,050-lb (930-kg) shell 9.3 miles (15 km).
y
y
The term“dogfight” originated when
pilots turned off a plane’s engine so that
it would not stall when turning quickly.
When restarted, it sounded like a dog
barking.
y
y
Trenches stretched for 25,000 miles
(40,200 km) from the English Channel to
Switzerland (TheWestern Front).
y
y
From 1914-1918, 274 German U-boats
sank 6,596 ships, most near the coast,
particularly the English Channel.
y
y
German trenches included bunk beds,
furniture, cupboards, water tanks with
faucets, electric lights and doorbells.
y
y
The Maximmachine gun weighed 100
pounds, was water cooled and fired 450-
600 rounds per minute.
10 Bloodiest
Battles of WW1
Battle
Total Casualties
1.
Hundred Day Offensive
1,855,369
2.
Spring Offensive
1,539,715
3.
The Somme
1,219,201
4.
Verdun
976,000
5.
Passchendaele
848,614
6.
Serbian Campaign
633,500
7.
First Battle of Marnes
483,000
8.
Gallipoli
473,000
9.
Arras
278,000
10.
Tannenberg
182,000
Fast Facts:
First World War
Began:
July 28, 1914
Ended:
November 11, 1918
Leading Fighter Aces
Name
Country
Number of “Kills”
1.
Manfred von Richthofen (“The Red Baron”) Germany
80
2.
René Fonck
France
75
3.
Mick Mannock
U.K.
73
4.
William Bishop
Canada
72
5.
Robert Little
Australia
47
6.
Edward (Eddie) Rickenbacker
U.S.
26
Source: Random Facts